The Central do Brasil is marked for it’s transitional moments on brazilian political history, from the Republic proclamation in 1889 to the João Goulart rally on the eve of the 1964 coup d’état. Geographically, it’s surroundings has grown and modified in accordance with Rio de Janeiro’s expansion demands. Still on the 19th century the city’s first full scale road, iniatially named Rua Larga (Large Street) in 1763, was opened. Intending to free the business with the port from difficulties, this road connected the Valongo Dock to the Santana Field. And then a new path between swamps stablished the Cidade Novaand a connexion from Downtown to São Cristóvão, fundamental for the arrival of the royal family in 1808.
On the 19th century, the region is valued with the construction of big mansions. In one corner, where now the Duke of Caxias palace is located, the imperial troops were settled. On the other, the Saint Joaqui orphans seminary, later turned into Colégio Pedro II. Along with the city’s modernizaion, the Church Of Santana is demolished in order to constructo a railroad and, in 1858, the inauguration of the Dom Pedro I station, as known as Central do Brasil nowadays. There’s a complete alteration of of the area that comes with the opening of Presidente Vargas, in 1944, and the construction of many rolling tracks to interconnect the city on the summit of the automobile expansion. But, because of it’s surroundings got to be forgotten, it pass through a degeneration, and fear and disregard take over the place. This #RoleCarioca prposes the recapturing of a place hidden on plain sight.
Image: Holland, S.H./1930/BNDigital